1.What is Hemp?
There are many different varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp—also called industrial hemp—refers to the non-intoxicating (less than 0.3% THC) varieties of Cannabis sativa L. Both hemp and marijuana come from the same cannabis species, but are genetically distinct and are further distinguished by use, chemical makeup, and cultivation methods.
2. What is Cannabinoid?
To understand how hemp oil products work in the body, you need to first understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a part of the mammalian central nervous system.You and everyone you know — even your furry friends — have endocannabinoid systems (ECS). The ECS is thought to play a crucial role in many bodily functions, including appetite, sleep, mood, and injury mitigation.
3.How do cannabinoids work on the body?
In general, the ECS can be thought of as your body’s regulatory committee. When things get out of balance, the ECS steps in to bring order to the chaos, also known as homeostasis. Our bodies produce chemicals called endocannabinoids.Our bodies have two networks of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found in our connective tissues, gonads, organs, and throughout the nervous system. CB2 receptors are mostly dispersed through the immune system and related organs.However, both versions can be found in a wide range of bodily tissues.
4.What is a Phytocannabinoid?
Chemicals contained in hemp plants, known as phytocannabinoids, are similar enough to the endocannabinoids in our bodies that they too can have a profound effect on our ECS.There are more than 80 known plant-produced cannabinoids — all of which effectively mimic the endocannabinoids 2-AG and AEA that are produced in the body.These known phytocannabinoids are actually cannabinoid acids that synthesize during production (by a heating process known as decarboxylation) into recognizable compounds like CBD and THC.
5. Is hemp and hemp oil legal?
Mostly. All CBD and hemp oil products such as full-spectrum hemp oil sold are legal to ship to all 50 states because they contain less than .3% THC, the FDA legal limit. (Individual state laws may vary though with brick and mortar sales.)
6. Will hemp get me high?
a. Hemp and marijuana are both varieties of cannabis, so the question is a common one. And the short answer is no. You can’t get high on hemp.
b. Why not? Even though hemp is a cousin to marijuana, it produces a significantly lower amount of the intoxicating cannabinoid THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) than its more potent relative. Where hemp shines, though, is in its rich concentration of CBD (cannabidiol), which is non-intoxicating but medicinally therapeutic.
7. What is difference between Hemp and Marijuana?
Both hemp and marijuana are varieties of the plant Cannabis sativa that have been produced through selective breeding. Hemp has been bred to promote fiber, grain, and/or cannabidiol (CBD) production. On the other hand, marijuana has been bred to promote the production of Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a psychoactive compound. Legally, Cannabis must contain 0.3% or less THC by dry weight to be considered hemp.
8. What are the therapeutic properties of hemp?
Hemp oils and tinctures extracted from hemp leaves and flowers can be used for treating a wide variety of conditions. And it does so without being mind-altering, addictive, or having the side effects sometimes typical with pharmaceutical drugs.
a. Managing stress and social anxiety. CBD may help your body to access and reduce the breakdown of serotonin that your brain produces. Serotonin is sometimes called the happy chemical because it contributes to a feeling of well-being, but it also modulates cognition, reward, learning, memory, and a number of other physiological processes.
b. Reducing pain and inflammation. Taken orally or used in topical preparations, CBD may support the reduction of chronic pain and inflammation from arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and other ailments.
c. Alleviating side effects of chemotherapy. CBD may serve as an alternative to drugs designed to combat the nausea and other side effects of chemotherapy.
d.Treating acne. Studies have shown that CBD oil may help treat acne due to its anti-inflammatory properties and ability to reduce sebum production.
e. Benefiting heart health. Because of CBD’s antioxidants and moderating effect on stress and anxiety, research is showing that it has the ability to lower high blood pressure as well as help reduce the inflammation associated with heart disease.
f.Reducing symptoms of neurological disorders. While limited at this time, promising research is ongoing to show that the properties of CBD may ease symptoms related to epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.
9. What is CBD?
CBD (cannabidiol) is another chemical found in Cannabis Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a “high” in those who consume the compound. Evidence suggests CBD may be a promising treatment for conditions including epilepsy, anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain.
10. What is THC?
THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive compound present in Cannabis plants. It is the chemical component of marijuana that produces a “high.”
11. How much THC is allowed legally in hemp?
Legally, hemp cannot contain more than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis.
12. What is Full spectrum hemp?
a. Full-spectrum hemp oil is a pure extract of the hemp plant, including CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, Flavonoids, Terpenes, and .3% THC. It can be packaged as capsules tablets, salves, balms, tinctures, and more.It’s important to understand the different types of hemp oil available today, though, because not all hemp products are created equal.
b. Full-spectrum hemp oil: Full-spectrum hemp oils contain all the compounds manufactured by the plant: cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. The cannabinoids in these oils include less than .3% THC.That’s not nearly enough to get you high, but it is enough for the entourage effect to kick in (more on that below).
c. Broad-spectrum hemp oil: Broad-spectrum hemp oils have all the terpenes, flavonoids, and phytocannabinoids the plant has to offer, minus the THC. Broad-spectrum oils are made by either stripping the THC from the oil, or starting with a CBD isolate and reintroducing all compounds except for the THC.
d. CBD isolate: CBD isolate are most commonly extracted via cold CO2 methods that strip away all but the CBD molecules from the plant. The result is a fine, white, crystalline powder that easily dissolves in liquid.
e. Hemp seed oil: While the three products above are made from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant, hemp seed oil is made from the seeds and contain beneficial elements such as essential fatty and amino acids, high levels of vitamins A, C, and E as well as protein, fiber, and minerals. Although Hemp seed oil is derived from hemp, it contains no cannabinoids like the above three versions of hemp oil.
13. What is the difference between full spectrum hemp oil and CBD isolate?
A “purified” oil contains an isolated compound, usually just one of the 90 cannabinoids found in cannabis.“Full-spectrum” phytocannabinoid oils contain all the compounds manufactured by the plant.Different strains of cannabis produce different spectrums of compounds. The compounds in a full-spectrum oil vary based on the genetics of the plants from which it’s derived.For example, hemp doesn’t contain notable amounts of the psychotropic, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); therefore, hemp oils aren’t intoxicating.
14. What is the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil?
As Shakespeare said: A rose by any other name would smell as sweet!So are hemp oil and CBD oil the same thing? It depends on who you ask, but often, the difference between “hemp oil” and “CBD oil” is marketing. In general, the terms refer to products with similar ingredients and uses.Rather than focusing on what the product is called, smart consumers should pay attention to the quality of the products they’re using and how the cannabinoids have been extracted from the plant to make the product.
15. What does the 2018 Farm Bill say about hemp?
Under the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill), the federal government classifies hemp and marijuana as two distinct plants. Hemp is no longer classified as a controlled substance; it is recognized as an agricultural crop. Now, hemp plants, seeds, and products can move freely across state lines.
16. Is hemp safe for everyone?
Generally, yes. But CBD is known to interact with with several medications, so consult with your doctor or pharmacist to be sure. This is especially important if you currently take medications that require you to avoid grapefruit, because both grapefruit and CBD interfere with a group of enzymes that are necessary for drug metabolism.